Winds from black hole
A team of astrophysicists led by Dr. Calliope Dasyra discovered Winds from black hole molecular and atomic gas caused by the interaction of the jet of a supermassive black hole with interstellar clouds in the nearby galaxy IC5063.
Winds from black hole description of the eventWinds detected in four distinct areas near the jet, at distances as large as ~ 3000 years light away from the black hole. This discovery shows that jets of black holes, can influence the evolution of galaxies, increasing the turbulence of the gas and suppressing the formation of new stars in big scales.
Supermassive black holes of hundreds of millions of solar masses reside usually in galactic centers. These black holes can attract gravitationally, interstellar matter from dozens of light years away. As the material flows into a black hole is heated and ionized to form a plasma disc due to rotation.
Magnetic fields of the loaded turntable drift out of the plasma with high speeds and focused beams (jets). The jets can be 10 orders of magnitude brighter than our sun. The shock waves that create thin the interstellar gas or even kicked out of the gravitational potential galaxies.
After researching the winds from the black hole
Researching the nearby galaxy IC5063 with the spectrometer's help European Southern Observatory Very Large Telescope in Chile, the team of astrophysicist Calliope Dasyra recorded the fierce winds interstellar gas drifting hydrogen molecules and iron atoms. The measurements revealed high speeds and temperatures of molecular hydrogen in the wind than the rest of interstellar space.
"We chose the galaxy IC5063 why the jet has the particularity to scans astrogenesis zone instead is perpendicular to it. Thus, we found that imparts kinetic and thermal energy in the gas from which new stars are formed through gravitational collapse, "said Dr. Dasyra.
Winds are spread over a large area, which is up to 3,000 light years from the black hole and which covers one fifth of astrogenesis zone. The study published in the journal Astrophysical Journal.